When reading non-fiction, it is extremely important to encourage students to preview the text. If students preview a text before reading, they are more likely to make connections to and remember what they read. The following acronym from Dr. Janet Allen encourages students to use the text features to discover facts, make predictions, and generate questions before reading. Students should make some predictions about the book based on what they see or read for each text feature that they analyze.
P: Predict: Look at the cover.
R: Review the Table of Contents
E: Examine the visuals & their captions
E: Establish a Plan: Now that you have previewed this book, what plan do you have for noting and remembering the information?
W: What is Your Response? Draw an image or write a response after previewing the book. You will revisit your illustration and/or response after you read this book to add your new thoughts after reading.
Click on the link below to see an example of Janet Allen’s PREVIEW guide for taking students through the steps in this pre-reading activity: