Don’t worry, teachers. This has nothing to do with Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Nurse Woelfel could teach you all about that. CPR is also an acronym to help students learn vocabulary strategies.
Each Tuesday, I will send out an instructional idea or strategy for classroom teachers. My teaching tips are all posted here on my blog, so you can always check for additional and archived resources.
I wanted to start this year with an idea that would assist you as you focus on Tier 2 vocabulary words with your students. Before reading any text with your classes, carefully preview the text and choose Tier 2, cross-curricular words that you think students should know but may struggle to define. As students are reading, they will look for those targeted words and you can teach them the skills they need to figure out the meaning of unknown words with the three skills of CPR: Context clues, Parts of word, and Resource. By emphasizing CPR with students, it will help them remember three strategies they can use if they don’t know the meaning of a word. When you first begin using CPR with students, you will need to guide students in how they can use the three strategies. For example, you will need to teach them how to use context clues and practice the skill with them, and you will need to teach them about prefixes and roots.
If you continue to use this strategy throughout the year, and if we start emphasizing this strategy as a building, our students will become better readers and will expand their vocabulary in all of their classes.
CPR Vocabulary Strategy
(Define vocabulary words using these strategies)
C = Context (Look for clues in the text. Reread the sentence before the word and continue reading into the next sentence to check for clues.)
P = Parts of a Word (Prefixes, Suffixes, Roots, Compound Words)
R = Resource (Source such as a dictionary, glossary, computer, or teacher)